Multicolored covering of jigsaw pieces formed of geometrical shapes creating tensile texture and a visual treat, is the impression one gets while seeing an appliqué or patchwork. Colorful and vivid shapes and forms of fabric patched together or on another surface create the most attractive and vibrant textile products. The traditional techniques of appliqué and patchwork have over years been used in paraphernalia of products both for functional and decorative purpose. Applique The art of decorating a textile product by applying fabric on fabric with the edges sewn down by stitching can be termed as Appliqué. A colored piece of fabric cut into various snowflakes like forms or abstract rendition of birds and animals or simple linear patters is sewed on the surface of a different colored fabric.

The composing of forms on fabric surfaces adds in a quality of dimensionality while providing visual depth and surface richness to the negative and positive design background. Appliqué is created by two different techniques and its origin can be identified by the style of fabrication, color usage, composition and the kind of forms of patterns used. The simple appliqué is created by cutting fabric in any desired form or shape and then stitching it on the surface of the textile product. Symmetrical and asymmetrical abstract forms are created in varied shapes and sizes. Quite often the appliqué technique is accompanied by range of stitches adding more value and further embellishing it. Another method is known by the name of ‘Reverse appliqué’ in which the surface fabric forms the shape and design contrasted to the top fabric in appliqué. Small abstract patterns adorning a garment or animal motifs with trees composed on a home furnishing enhances the value of the products while flaunting the dexterity of the artisans. The color palette of appliqué artists of Gujarat varies from warm to cool, white on white, bright and festive to natural and neutral tones.

Patchwork : Patchwork is the art of sewing little patches of geometric shaped fabric together to form a textile pattern. The surface texture and bright colors of patchwork along with the well composed array of squares and triangles, attracts any individual and has remained being a favored textile product. Traditionally the patchwork technique was mainly used for fabricating quilts using used pieces of fabric by the women in rural areas. The ingenuity of the technique and the vividness in design has been translated to fit in modern day needs and requirements. Today, patchwork known for its strength and durability forms an integral part of fashioning varied range of textile products. Colors in a patchwork always reflects the sensibility of the creator, different hues are selected and fit together to create contrast on the surface while enriching the product appearance.

Traditional Trivia Appliqué and patchwork are two methods which have been traditionally used by women all over the world to create simplest objects from worn and torn pieces of used textiles. Traditionally the techniques were used for creating the most magnificent quilts for domestic usage. Quilt a functional object which helps in facing the vagaries of nature is almost like an expressive art form for the rural or pastoral women in Gujarat. Each coverlet is an impression of creativity and love for colors and forms of the women who playfully compose the fabric pieces to create the most enduring and eye-catching work of art. During the Mughal period, the art of appliqué became a royal medium of fashioning elegant and delicate textile products. Muslin fabrics were used with architectural jal patterns to create a plethora of products in appliqué technique. Appliqué and patchwork, two techniques which developed mainly for domestic purposes has become one of the most favored process of adorning textiles.